The Bioethics Research Library regularly receives new additions to its extensive catalogue. Here are a few of our favorite new selections:
Big data and ethics: the medical datasphere, by Jérôme Béranger: Faced with the exponential development of Big Data and both its legal and economic repercussions, we are still slightly in the dark concerning the use of digital information. In the perpetual balance between confidentiality and transparency, this data will lead us to call into question how we understand certain paradigms, such as the Hippocratic Oath in medicine. As a consequence, a reflection on the study of the risks associated with the ethical issues surrounding the design and manipulation of this “massive data” seems to be essential. This book provides a direction and ethical value to these significant volumes of data.
Ebola: how a people’s science helped end an epidemic, by Paul Richards: In 2013, the largest Ebola outbreak in history swept across West Africa, claiming thousands of lives in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea and sending the international community into panic. By 2014, experts were grimly predicting that millions would be infected within months, and a huge international control effort was mounted to contain the virus. Yet paradoxically, at this point the disease was already going into decline in Africa itself. Why did outside observers get it so wrong? Paul Richards draws on his extensive firsthand experience in Sierra Leone to argue that the international community s alarmed response failed to take account of local expertise and common sense.
Can neuroscience change our minds?, by Hilary Rose and Steven Rose: Neuroscience, with its astounding new technologies, is uncovering the workings of the brain and with this perhaps the mind. The ‘neuro’ prefix spills out into every area of life, from neuroaesthetics to neuroeconomics, neurogastronomy and neuroeducation. With its promise to cure physical and social ills, government sees neuroscience as a tool to increase the ‘mental capital’ of the children of the deprived and workless. It sets aside intensifying poverty and inequality, instead claiming that basing children’s rearing and education on brain science will transform both the child’s and the nation’s health and wealth. Leading critic of such neuropretensions, neuroscientist Steven Rose and sociologist of science Hilary Rose take a sceptical look at these claims and the science underlying them, sifting out the sensible from the snake oil.
A new basis for animal ethics : telos and common sense, by Bernard E. Rollin: Bernie Rollin is a philosopher whose head is most definitely not in the clouds. Instead, it’s on our farms and slaughter plants, in our testing laboratories, in our rodeo arenas, and on our hunting grounds—in short, all the places where humans use animals as they see fit. He’s given us a lucid, compelling blueprint for how to reimagine our relationship with animals, driven by a social ethic that is common to us all and filled with common sense. This is yet another important book from one of the pre-eminent impact players in the contemporary animal protection movement.
DisCrit : disability studies and critical race theory in education, by David J. Connor, Beth A. Ferri, and Subini A. Annamma, editors: This groundbreaking volume brings together major figures in Disability Studies in Education (DSE) and Critical Race Theory (CRT) to explore some of today’s most important issues in education. Scholars examine the achievement/opportunity gaps from both historical and contemporary perspectives, as well as the overrepresentation of minority students in special education and the school-to-prison pipeline. Chapters also address school reform and the impact on students based on race, class, and dis/ability and the capacity of law and policy to include (and exclude). Readers will discover how some students are included (and excluded) within schools and society, why some citizens are afforded expanded (or limited) opportunities in life, and who moves up in the world and who is trapped at the ”bottom of the well.”