Susan Crockin, JD

Faculty Affiliate, O’Neill Institute Legal Scholar, Georgetown University Law Center

Susan Crockin, JD., has devoted her legal career to the emerging legal issues surrounding the assisted reproductive technologies, particularly the impact of scientific and medical advances on existing tenets of family, health, and reproductive law. Her current work focuses on the legal implications of cryopreservation and disposition of patient and donor gametes and embryos; reproductive genetics; egg and sperm banking; equitable utilization and third-party coverage of fertility and reproductive genetic treatments for those whose family-building ability is dependent on them; inter-professional efforts to reduce health care costs related to fertility treatments through single embryo transfer, insurance, and other methods; and cross-border reproductive care including international surrogacy.She currently teaches two courses as a scholar at the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law and adjunct professor at Georgetown University Law Center: “Assisted Reproductive Technology Law” and “Comparative and Cross-Border Reproductive Technology Law”. She also is an adjunct professor at Eastern Virginia Medical School where she teaches as part of its masters embryology program. In addition, she continues to head the Crockin Law & Policy Group, one of the first firms in the US devoted exclusively to the intertwined legal aspects of the assisted reproductive technologies and adoption. She is a frequent speaker nationally on ART Law related topics, including delivering a 2015 plenary lecture at the American Society of Reproductive Medicine’s annual meeting, “Making 21st Century Families: The Vital Intercourse between ART Law and Medicine”.Ms. Crockin has published three books, and numerous chapters, peer-reviewed articles, and, since 1990, a nationally published legal column she created entitled, “Legally Speaking®”. She helped draft the Massachusetts infertility mandate, the ABA’s initial Model ART Act, and continues to draft and revise model IVF consent forms for the Society of Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART). She is a founding member of the American Academy of Reproductive Technology Attorneys (AAARTA), where she chaired its Ethics Code committee, to update that organization’s Code of Ethics, and is working on efforts to develop a national donor gamete registry affiliated with the Society of Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART).Ms. Crockin received her J.D. from Northeastern University School of Law and her B.A. from Tufts University, summa cum laude.

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Since 1990, Susan has authored a nationally published legal column she created entitled, “Legally Speaking®”.

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  • Crockin, S.L. and Jones, H.W., Legal Conceptions: The Evolving Law and Policy of Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.
  • Crockin, S.L. "Legally Speaking"®, ASRM News, American Society of Reproductive Medicine. Author/creator of regular feature column in professional national publication reviewing recent court decisions involving reproductive technologies and genetics and the families they create. 1991- present.
  • Crockin, S.L, ed., Adoption and Reproductive Technology Law in Massachusetts, Massachusetts Continuing Legal Education, Inc., 2000.
  • Crockin, S.L., Seibel, M., eds. Family Building through Egg and Sperm Donation: Medical, Legal and Ethical Issues, Jones & Bartlett, Inc., 1996.


  • Gracia, C.R. and Crockin, S.L., Editorial: “Legal Battles over Embryos after In Vitro Fertilization: Is there a Way to Avoid Them?” JAMA Oncology, E1-3, January 28, 2016.
  • Crockin, S.L. and Debele, Gary A., “Ethical Issues in Assisted Reproduction: A Primer for Family Law Attorneys,” 27 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers 289, 2015.
  • Crockin, S.L. and Nussbaum, L., “Embryo Donation: Legal Aspects, Chapter 10,” Third-Party Reproduction: a Comprehensive Guide,”, ed. Goldfarb, J., (Springer), 2014.
  • Crockin, S.L. and Altman, A., "Statutory and Case Law Governing the Practice of Third-Party Reproduction", Principles of Oocyte and Embryo Donation,2nd edition, ed. Sauer, M., Springer-Verlag 2013.
  • Crockin, S.L., Ribas, D., Escalante, G., Nussbaum, L., Jones, H., “Costa Rica's absolute ban on in vitro fertilization deemed a human rights violation: implications for U.S. assisted reproductive technology policy and “personhood” initiatives,” F&S, Vol. 100, Issue 2, pp. 330-333, 2013.
  • Crockin, S.L “The Development of ART Law in Massachusetts”, in Massachusetts Women and the Law (working title), eds. Honorable M. Botsford, Honorable P. Saris, MCLE, 2011.
  • Crockin, S.L “A Legal Defense for Compensating Research Egg Donors”, Forum, Cell Stem Cell, Vol.6, Issue 2, pp. 99-102, 2010.
  • Crockin, S.L., “Where is Anonymous Reproduction Taking us NOW?” Depaul Journal of Health Care Law, Vol.12:1:241-251, 2009.
  • Crockin, S.L., Bloom, E.M., “Legal Issues in Fertility Preservation in the Male”, Infertility in the Male, 4th Ed. Cambridge U. 2009.
  • Crockin, S.L., “Overview of Reproductive Genetics and the Law”, , Genetics & Public Policy Center, August, 2007.
  • Crockin, S.L., “Challenges of Stem Cell Research”, Boston Globe editorial, December 12, 2006.
  • Crockin, S.L., Javitt, G.H, Barruch, S. and Bloom, E.M., “Genetic Tests are Testing the Law”, TRIAL, Journal of the Association of Trial Lawyers of America,, October, 2006.
  • Crockin, S.L., “How Do You Adopt a Frozen Egg?” Boston Globe invited editorial, December 4, 2005. 
  • Crockin, S.L., “The Embryo Wars: At the Epicenter of Science, Law, Religion and Ethics”, Family Law Quarterly, Vol. 39 FLQ No.3 Fall, 2005.
  • Crockin, S.L., “Reproductive Genetics and the Law: Conceiving New Wrongs?” Sexuality, Reproduction & Menopause”, May, 2005.
  • Crockin, S.L.; “Legal Issues Related to Parenthood after Cancer”; Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2005.
  • Crockin, S.L. and Dumser, K.E., “Legal Issues in Fertility Preservation”, Ch. 20 of Infertility, ed. Cedars, M., McGraw Hill, 2005.
  • Crockin, S.L.; “What is an Embryo? A Legal Perspective”, CT Law Review, Vol. 36, Summer 2004, No.4.
  • Crockin, S.L.; Elster, N.; “Cryopreserved Embryos: Understanding and Making Choices”, American Journal of Family Law, Vol.18, No.2, Summer 2004.
  • Crockin, S.L., “Reproductive Genetics and The Law: Overview of Court Decisions Involving Reproductive Genetics”, Genetics and Public Policy Center, .2004.
  • Crockin, S.L., “Legal Issues in Fertility Preservation”, Preservation of Fertility, eds. Tulandi, T, and Gosden, R.G., Parthenon Press, 2004.
  • Crockin, S. L., “Legal Considerations of Assisted Reproduction and Third-Party Reproduction”, Infertility and Reproductive Medicine Clinics, Vol. 13, 615-631, 2002.
  • Crockin, S.L., “Embryo ‘Adoption’: A Limited Option,” Reproductive BioMedicine Online, Vol. 3 No. 2 September-October, 2001.
  • Crockin, S.L., “Adam Nash: Legally Speaking a Happy Ending or Slippery Slope?” Reproductive BioMedicine Online, Vol. 2 No. 1, 6-7, January - February 2001.
  • Crockin, S.L., Dumser, K., “The Adoption Process: An Overview of Uncontested Adoption in Massachusetts,” in Adoption and Reproductive Technology Law in Massachusetts, MCLE, 2000.
  • Crockin, S.L., Noe, P.H., Kraus, T.Z., “Embryo Law,” in Adoption and Reproductive Technology Law in Massachusetts, Massachusetts Continuing Legal Education, Inc., 2000.
  • Crockin, S.L., Kaye, J.A., “Surrogacy and Gestational Carrier Arrangements in Massachusetts” in Adoption and Reproductive Technology Law in Massachusetts, Massachusetts Continuing Legal Education, Inc., 2000.
  • Jones, H.W., Jr. and Crockin, S.L., “On Assisted Reproduction, Religion and Civil Law”, Fertility and Sterility, March 2000.
  • Crockin, S.L., “Collaborative Reproduction: An Invitation to Legislate?”, (invited editorial), Fertility and      Sterility, December, 1999.
  • Crockin, S.L., “Where is Anonymous Reproduction Taking Us?”, Towards Reproductive Certainty: Fertility and Genetics Beyond 1999, The Plenary Proceedings of the 11th World Congress on In Vitro Fertilization and Human Reproductive Genetics, ed. Jansen, R. and Mortimer, D., The Parthenon Publishing Group 1999.
  • Crockin, S.L., "Statutory and Case Law Governing Oocyte and Embryo Donation", Principles of Oocyte and Embryo Donation, ed. Sauer, M., Springer-Verlag 1998.
  • Jones, H.W., Jr., McCormick, Richard A., Crockin, S.L.“Embryo Implantation, Molecular, Cellular and Clinical Aspects”, Serono Symposia, Springer, pp. 3 – 11, New York, NY, 1999.
  • Crockin, S.L. "Ensuring Access to Infertility Treatment: Legal Aspects of Insurance Coverage and Discrimination" in Family Building Through Egg and Sperm Donation: Medical, Legal and Ethical Issues, Jones & Bartlett, Inc., 1996.
  • Robertson, J.A., Crockin, S.L. "Legal Issues in Egg Donation" in Family Building Through Egg and Sperm Donation: Medical, Legal and Ethical Issues, Jones & Bartlett, Inc., 1996.
  • Crockin, S.L. "Beyond Tammy: Co-Parent Adoptions in Massachusetts," Boston Bar Journal, 1994.
  • Crockin, S.L. "Donor Oocytes: Once Given, Can the Gift Be Taken Away?" in Clinical Consultations in Obstetrics and Gynecology, September, 1994.
  • Crockin, S.L. "The Legal Response to the New Reproductive Technologies" in Technology and Infertility: Clinical, Psychological, Legal and Ethical Aspects, Springer-Verlag New York Inc., 1993.
  • Seibel, M.; Polak, J.; Conahue, J; Anna, G.; Crockin, S.L.; Levin, S.; Bernstein, J., "Ethics of the New Technologies: A Discussion of Case Histories" in Technology and Infertility: Clinical, Psychological, Legal, and Ethical Aspects, Springer-Verlag, Inc. 1993.
  • Crockin, S.L. "Informed Consent for Ovum Donation: A Need for Clarity, Certainty, and Sensitivity", in Insights Into Infertility, Serono Symposia, USA. Spring, 1992.