KIE 50th Anniversary Symposium (June 1-5, 2021)
The Kennedy Institute of Ethics welcomes you to the archive of its 50th Anniversary Symposium on Bioethics. The symposium ran June 1-5, 2021, in collaboration with
the Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics, which celebrated its 30th anniversary. The event was entirely virtual and free of charge.
The full program can be found
here. Some basic information about the symposium:
All sessions were prerecorded, except for a synchronous ‘live’ webinar panel on Saturday, June 5 at 11am US EDT, during which a live Q&A feature was available. The panel session was recorded and is available for viewing
. The Bioethics Research Library prepared a research guide with bibliographic resources for the program sessions and panel discussion topics presented in the Symposium.
Program of Events:
DAY ONE: JUNE 1ST, 2021
INTRODUCTION TO THE KIE, PCCB & THE EMERGENT ETHICS NETWORK
John Keown: Welcome and Introduction to the Symposium
: President John J. DeGioia A Welcome from The President of Georgetown University
Provost Robert M. Groves: A Welcome from The Provost of Georgetown University
Daniel P. Sulmasy: The Kennedy Institute of Ethics
The new Director will give a brief presentation on the history of the KIE, its present programs and projects, and its exciting future.
Myles Sheehan SJ: The Pellegrino Center for Clinical Bioethics
Laura Bishop: The Visiting Researcher Program and Bioethics Education
Laura Bishop speaks about the KIE’s Visiting Researcher program that began when the Institute was founded and continues to the present day. She also mentions the KIE’s work in education at the graduate, professional, and secondary school levels. Dr. Bishop focuses on the expansion of the KIE’s involvement in undergraduate bioethics education to the co-curricular and extracurricular space with the GU Undergraduate Bioethics Club (2012), the Philosophy and Bioethics Minor (first graduates in 2014), the GU Bioethics Bowl Debate Team (2013), and the Georgetown’s annual Undergraduate Bioethics Research Symposium (now in its 7th year). The minor and the debate team are collaborations with the GU Philosophy Department.
Maggie Little: Ethics Lab
Quill Kukla: The KIEJ (The Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal)
Daniel P. Sulmasy: Theoretical Medicine & Bioethics
The Editor-in-Chief of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, who is the Director and a Senior Research Scholar at the KIE, will give an overview of this journal–its history, aims and scope, and its place within the field of bioethics. TMBE is one of three scholarly journals currently housed at the KIE.
OPENING HISTORICAL KEYNOTE
LeRoy Walters: André E Hellegers and the Early Years of the KIE
André E. Hellegers, a Dutch-born obstetrician and gynecologist, was the founder and first director of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics. From 1964 on, André developed an intense interest in the ethical questions surrounding health care and biomedical research. In 1971, with the generous assistance of the Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Foundation, he created the first university-based research and teaching institute for the field of bioethics.
Day Two: June 2nd, 2021
John Keown : Day 2 Welcome
Tom Beauchamp: Bioethics: Past, Present and Future
This presentation offers reflections on the development of the discipline of bioethics over the last 50 years.
Karen Stohr: Virtue Ethics and the Skill of Good Judgment
This presentation is an overview of Aristotelian virtue ethics, with a particular emphasis on the virtue of practical wisdom. We will cover what it means to have practical wisdom, why it makes sense to think of it as a skill, and how practical wisdom enables its possessor to make good judgments about what to do.
Daniel P. Sulmasy: Dignity and Bioethics
Dr. Sulmasy will distinguish three uses of the word ‘dignity’ (attributive, intrinsic, and inflorescent) and will discuss their history, meaning, interrelatedness, and relevance to bioethics.
Sean Aas: Disability, Health and the Aims of Medicine
People with disabilities can be healthy, even perfectly healthy. What does this teach us about health, and about health promotion as an aim of medicine and public health policy? In this talk, I explore how insights from disability scholarship and activism can help us to think about the relationship between society, embodiment, and value, as we think about what health is and what we should do about it. Day Three: June 3rd, 2021 CLINICAL BIOETHICS
John Keown : Day 3 Welcome
Myles Sheehan, SJ: Revisiting Professionalism
This presentation will review the concept of medicine as a profession with a focus on its moral commitments. Although some hold professionalism can be a source of maintaining power and prestige, an authentic view of medicine as a profession requires a progressive approach to contemporary problems like racism and a personal commitment to put the care of the patient above self-interest.
Allen Roberts: Medical Interventions: What to Stop and When?
In this lecture, we will consider the ethical principles and practical aspects of withdrawing life-sustaining treatments in cases of critically ill patients for whom such interventions are realized to have no benefit. The discussion is couched in considerations surrounding family meetings in which sensitivity and compassion are stressed. We affirm that the physician and medical team’s beneficence and virtue should be the guiding ethos for the principles of decision making, and we lament the erosion of the physician as a beneficent shepherd and guide in such discussions, in today’s culture.
Sarah Vittone: Moral Distress and the Entangled Experience
Moral Distress is a core topic in clinical ethics. Ethicists are called to move past the challenges of ethical dilemmas to address the personal, social and organizational constraints that influence individual and professional integrity leading to their moral distress. We describe an additional pandemic-related patient moral distress adding to the experience of medical professionals.
Claudia Sotomayor: A Review on Clinical Ethics Committees and Clinical Ethics Consultation
Hospital Ethics Committees (HECs) are developing a stronger presence of clinical ethics in the hospital through more proactive and efficient clinical consultation services.
Day Four: June 4th, 2021 CONTEMPORARY/FUTURE ISSUES
John Keown : Day 4 Welcome
Maggie Little: Data & Digital Ethics
Novel data and new data analytics, including machine learning, are transforming society, including in clinical and public health. These advances hold potential for both promise and peril. This presentation will outline issues in data and digital ethics key to ensuring their responsible design, deployment, and governance.
Gaël Girard SJ: Environmental Justice
I share a couple of ideas about the collaborative work that we could do, at the Emergent Ethics Network, working hand in hand with the Kennedy Institute. First, I would favour a problem-based approach, dealing with concrete issues and, then, building an iteratively universal (M. Walzer) understanding of how a sensible environmental ethics might look like when dealing with health and bioethics. Transdisciplinarity should also be key, allowing not only a conversation between scholars stemming from different backgrounds but also actors working on the field (physicians, activists…). Here are a couple of concrete examples: 1) the Real World Data versus Randomised Control Trials controversy which takes place today both in empirical development economics and clinical trials in medicine; 2) the incompleteness of the language we try to speak when proceeding with DNA manipulations and what this implies with regard to our precautionary principle; 3) the need for exercises of hybrid prospective where scenarios and numerical simulations should take into account both the environmental evolution of our planet, the social evolution of our human societies and the spreading diseases which interact with global warming and human activities; 4) the need to imagine and build new institutions capable of taking care of our global commons, health in the first place.
Jim Giordano: Bold New Neuroscience; Brave New Neuroethics?
Prof. James Giordano provides insight to newly emerging tools and techniques of the brain sciences, and discusses the ethical issues they generate – and possible methods of addressing and resolving these questions and problems – on the 21st century global stage.
Quill Kukla: A Nonideal Theory of Sexual Consent
This paper explores how and when consent to sex can be possible for people whose decisional autonomy is compromised, such as people with moderate dementia and people in unequal power relationships. It argues that the possibility of consent is dependent not just on people’s capacities, but on their partners and their environment. It proposes tools for scaffolding and enabling the possibility of good quality sexual consent under nonideal conditions.
John Keown: Desmond Tutu, George Carey and Euthanasia
This presentation outlines and evaluates the arguments of former Archbishops Desmond Tutu and George Carey in favor of legalizing voluntary euthanasia. Day Five: June 5th, 2021 EXPERT PANEL
John Keown: Day 5 Welcome
Pandethics: An Expert Panel on Ethical Issues in the COVID-19 Pandemic
Dr. Daniel Sulmasy will moderate a live panel on ethical issues raised by the COVID-19 pandemic, including global health ethics, the ethics of public health messaging, the ethics of racial disparities in health outcomes exposed by COVID-19, and the everyday ethics of citizens during a pandemic. The panelists are: